af - ford - able
There are many reasons to learn how to divide affordable into syllables. Separating a word like affordable into syllables is mainly to make it easier to read and pronounce. The syllable is the smallest sound unit in a word, and the separation of the affordable into syllables allows speakers to better segment and emphasize each sound unit.
Knowing how to separate affordable into syllables can be especially useful for those learning to read and write, because it helps them understand and pronounce affordable more accurately. Furthermore, separating affordable into syllables can also be useful in teaching grammar and spelling, as it allows students to more easily understand and apply the rules of accentuation and syllable division.
In the case of the word affordable, we find that when separating into syllables the resulting number of syllables is 3. With this in mind, it's much easier to learn how to pronounce affordable, as we can focus on perfecting the syllabic pronunciation before trying to pronounce affordable in full or within a sentence. Likewise, this breakdown of affordable into syllables makes it easier for us to remember how to write it.